Repeated administration of high-dose intermittent rifapentine reduces rifapentine and moxifloxacin plasma concentrations

Kelly Dooley, Charles Flexner, Judith Hackman, Charles A. Peloquin, Eric Nuermberger, Richard E. Chaisson, Susan E. Dorman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Moxifloxacin- and rifapentine-based regimens are under investigation for the treatment of tuberculosis. However, rifapentine may induce enzymes that metabolize moxifloxacin, resulting in decreased moxifloxacin concentrations. In this phase I, two-period, sequential-design study, 13 subjects received 400 mg moxifloxacin daily for 4 days followed by daily moxifloxacin coadministered with 900 mg rifapentine thrice weekly. Pharmacokinetic analyses were performed after the 4th and 19th doses of moxifloxacin and after the 1st and 7th doses of rifapentine. For moxifloxacin, the mean area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h (AUC0-24) decreased by 17.2% (P = 0.0006) when the drug was coadministered with rifapentine, and the mean half-life (t 1/2) decreased from 11.1 to 8.9 h (P = 0.0033). For rifapentine, the mean AUC0-48 after seven thrice-weekly doses decreased by 20.3% (P = 0.0035) compared to the AUC0-48 after the first dose, and the mean t1/2 decreased from 18.5 to 14.8 h (P = 0.0004). The AUC 0-48 for the 25-desacetyl-rifapentine metabolite diminished 21%. Two days after completing the study drugs, one subject developed a fever and hepatitis, and another developed a flu-like illness with a rash. In conclusion, rifapentine modestly reduced moxifloxacin concentrations. Changes consistent with rifapentine autoinduction of metabolism were seen. Adverse reactions in two subjects may have represented rifamycin hypersensitivity syndrome, although some features were atypical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4037-4042
Number of pages6
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume52
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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