Repeat pregnancy in women with HIV infection in Latin America and the Caribbean

Regis Kreitchmann, Karen Megazzini, Victor Hugo Melo, Débora Fernandes Coelho, D. Heather Watts, Margot Krauss, Maria Isabel Gouvea, Geraldo Duarte, Marcelo H. Losso, George K. Siberry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The work of George K. Siberry was authored as part of their official duties as an Employee of the United States Government and is therefore a work of the United States Government. In accordance with 17 USC. 105, no copyright protection is available for such works under US Law. Regis Kreitchmann, Karen Megazzini, Victor Hugo Melo, Débora Fernandes Coelho, D. Heather Watts, Margot Krauss, Maria Isabel Gouvea, Geraldo Duarte and Marcelo H. Losso hereby waive their right to assert copyright, but not their right to be named as co-authors in the article.

Intended and unintended pregnancies occur frequently among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected women. We evaluated the occurrence of repeat pregnancy and characteristics associated with this outcome among HIV-infected women in Latin America and the Caribbean who were participating in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) International Site Development Initiative (NISDI). Of the 1342 HIV-infected pregnant women enrolled in NISDI, 124 (9.2%) had one or more repeat pregnancies on study. Median time between the index delivery and date of conception of the subsequent pregnancy was 1.4 years (range 0.1-5.7). Younger age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.07, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-1.11 per one year decrease in age), hospitalization during the index pregnancy or up to six months post-partum [OR = 2.0, 95% CI: 1.2-3.4], and poor index pregnancy outcome (stillbirth or spontaneous/therapeutic abortion; OR = 3.4, 95% CI: 1.4-8.4) were associated with increased occurrence of repeat pregnancy in multivariable analysis. Among women with repeat pregnancies, the proportion receiving antiretroviral treatment (vs. prophylaxis) increased from 39.4% at the time of the index pregnancy to 81.8% at the time of the repeat pregnancy (p < 0.001). These results can help identify women most likely to benefit from reproductive counseling in order to assist with healthy pregnancy planning and prevention of unintended pregnancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1289-1297
Number of pages9
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume27
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 2015

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Latin America
  • predictors of repeat pregnancy
  • pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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    Kreitchmann, R., Megazzini, K., Melo, V. H., Coelho, D. F., Watts, D. H., Krauss, M., Gouvea, M. I., Duarte, G., Losso, M. H., & Siberry, G. K. (2015). Repeat pregnancy in women with HIV infection in Latin America and the Caribbean. AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 27(10), 1289-1297. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2015.1050987