Reoperation versus alternatives in retained biliary calculi

T. R. Gadacz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Retained common bile duct stones can be treated by operation, dissolution, extraction, fragmentation, papillotomy, and reoperation. Each approach requires some expertise, and the likelihood of success of most depends on the composition and size of the stones. Good results often can be obtained nonoperatively, especially with a multidisciplinary team. Reoperation is rarely necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-108
Number of pages16
JournalSurgical Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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