Reoperation after failed macular hole surgery

William E. Smiddy, Raymond N. Sjaarda, Bert M. Glaser, Harry W. Flynn, John T. Thompson, Ann Hanham, Robert P. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Purpose: The authors determined the anatomic and visual success rates of vitrectomy in patients who have failed previous macular hole surgery. Methods: Standardized Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS)- style best-corrected visual acuity was measured in each patient pre- and postoperatively. Surgery was performed at two centers using a standardized protocol, as previously reported, using 1330 ng bovine-derived transforming growth factor-beta2 (TGF-β2) and 16% perfluoropropane internal gas tamponade. Endpoint analyses were conducted for anatomic closure of the hole, visual improvement of three or more ETDRS lines, and final visual acuity of ≥20/63 and ≥20/40. Results: Forty-eight eyes failing previous macular hole surgery were reoperated. The anatomic results showed closure of the hole in 40 (83%) cases at the end of the mean follow-up interval of 7.4 months. The visual acuity improved in greater than or equal to three lines in 52%, was ≥20/63 in 54%, and was ≥20/40 in 25% of reoperated eyes. The only factor associated with a better final visual acuity was preoperative visual acuity better than 20/80. Nuclear sclerosis leading to cataract extraction was observed in 13 (30%) of 43 initially phakic eyes. Conclusion: Macular hole closure was induced in this subset of reoperated patients. Visual improvement occurred often, although in a lower percentage than has been reported for primary surgical eyes. Repeat vitrectomy should be considered in patients with persistent macular hole after failure of primary surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996


  • macular hole
  • vitrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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