Experiments were performed in male Wistar rats with renovascular hypertension (167 +/- 4.2 mmHg) produced by clipping the renal artery for a 3-wk period (2-kidney, 1-clip Goldblatt). The results were compared with those obtained in age-matched normotensive controls. Hypertension of 3-wk duration elicited a significant increase in ventricular weight (1.01 +/- 0.02 g) with respect to the controls (0.82 +/- 0.01 g) but had no significant effect on body weight. The inotropic responsiveness to beta-adrenergic stimulation was diminished in papillary muscles from renal hypertensive rats: the maximum increase in the maximal rate of rise of tension produced by isoproterenol was 27.39 +/- 5.4 and 11.77 +/- 2.91 g X mm-2 X s-1 (P less than 0.05) in control and hypertensive animals, respectively. Similar results were obtained when the estimated maximal velocity of shortening of the contractile element (Vmax) was used to assess myocardial contractility. The inotropic response to CaCl2 was also significantly depressed in the 2-kidney, 1-clip rats. However, the relaxant and the chronotropic responses to isoproterenol were not significantly modified in the Goldblatt rats. Assays of beta-adrenergic receptors to l-[3H]dihydroalprenolol binding, showed no significant changes in the number (expressed per mg of membrane protein) or in the affinity of the beta-receptors. These results suggest that at an early stage of the renal hypertensive model the impaired inotropic response to isoproterenol is not mediated by an alteration of the beta-receptors and should be searched at a postreceptor adenyl cyclase level.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||The American journal of physiology|
|Issue number||4 Pt 2|
|State||Published - Oct 1985|
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