Renal glomerular and tubular injury after gastric bypass in obese rats

Benjamin K. Canales, Leticia Reyes, Mary K. Reinhard, Saeed R. Khan, Carolina G. Goncalves, Michael M. Meguid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery is the most common surgical intervention for long-term weight loss in morbidly obese patients. By decreasing obesity-associated hyperfiltration, diabetes, and hypertension, RYGB is touted to stabilize, if not prevent, progression of chronic renal disease. To test this, the renal histology of diet-induced obese rats that underwent RYGB surgery was compared with that of pair-fed and sham obese controls. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats, fed a high-fat, low-oxalate diet to induce gross obesity, were randomized to RYGB (n = 6), gastrointestinal-intact sham-operated obese controls (sham, n = 4), or gastrointestinal-intact sham-operated obese pair-fed controls (fed, n = 8). Daily body weight and food intake were recorded. On postoperative day 42, renal histology and immunohistochemistry were examined. Renal pathology was assessed by a categorical glomerular lesion score and a quantitative glomerular/tubular scoring system by experienced veterinary pathologists. Osteopontin and ED-1 (monocyte/macrophage cell) stainings were estimated by the percentage of stained area and the number of counted cells/high-power field, respectively. Results: Compared with sham and fed controls, RYGB rats had significant decreases in body weight (P <0.001), more glomerular lesions (P = 0.02), and received higher glomerular and tubular lesion scores (P <0.01). RYGB rodents had significantly stronger staining for osteopontin within the inner medullary region (P <0.005) and ED-1 within the outer medullary region (P <0.02) compared with sham and fed controls. Conclusion: In this diet-induced obese rat model, RYGB is associated with chronic glomerulosclerosis and tubulointerstitial nephritis, confirmed by histology and immunohistochemistry. Prospective studies to better define the injurious mechanisms in this model are underway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-80
Number of pages5
JournalNutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gastric bypass
  • Interstitial nephritis
  • Morbid obesity
  • Oxalate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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  • Cite this

    Canales, B. K., Reyes, L., Reinhard, M. K., Khan, S. R., Goncalves, C. G., & Meguid, M. M. (2012). Renal glomerular and tubular injury after gastric bypass in obese rats. Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 28(1), 76-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2011.03.003