Renal Function and Disorders

G. P.S. Shantha, Lawrence J Cheskin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The kidneys are vital organs for optimal body homeostasis. They are responsible for fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance. They are highly vascular structures. Acute insults result in acute kidney injury (AKI), and chronic damage to the kidney results in chronic kidney disease (CKD) progressing to end-stage renal disease and the need for renal replacement therapy. This article summarizes the methods to estimate glomerular filtration rate, staging systems for AKI and CKD, nutritional assessment and requirements in patients with AKI and CKD, and the association between obesity, diet, and kidney diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Food and Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages592-596
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780123849533
ISBN (Print)9780123849472
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 14 2015

Fingerprint

Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Acute Kidney Injury
Kidney
Nutritional Requirements
Nutrition Assessment
Renal Replacement Therapy
Acid-Base Equilibrium
Kidney Diseases
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Electrolytes
Chronic Kidney Failure
Blood Vessels
Homeostasis
Obesity
Diet

Keywords

  • Acid-base balance
  • Acute kidney injury
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Functions
  • Glomerular filtration
  • Kidney
  • Nutrition
  • Nutrition assessment
  • Obesity
  • Structure
  • Tubular functions
  • Water composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Shantha, G. P. S., & Cheskin, L. J. (2015). Renal Function and Disorders. In Encyclopedia of Food and Health (pp. 592-596). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00589-4

Renal Function and Disorders. / Shantha, G. P.S.; Cheskin, Lawrence J.

Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Elsevier Inc., 2015. p. 592-596.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Shantha, GPS & Cheskin, LJ 2015, Renal Function and Disorders. in Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Elsevier Inc., pp. 592-596. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00589-4
Shantha GPS, Cheskin LJ. Renal Function and Disorders. In Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Elsevier Inc. 2015. p. 592-596 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-384947-2.00589-4
Shantha, G. P.S. ; Cheskin, Lawrence J. / Renal Function and Disorders. Encyclopedia of Food and Health. Elsevier Inc., 2015. pp. 592-596
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