Renal excretion of pseudo-cross linked human, porcine and bovine hemoglobins

Barbara Urbaitis, Y. S. Lu, Clara Fronticelli, Enrico Bucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The present experiments were done to determine plasma retention, urinary excretion, and acute renal effects of bolus administration (20 mg/100 g), of hemoglobins (human, bovine and porcine) whose tetrameric structure was stabilized by a pseudo-cross-link between the β-chains. Standard renal clearance studies showed that these preparations had no immediate adverse effects on GFR or ERPF, however, urine flow and electrolyte excretion commonly increased. Plasma disapperance curves best fit a double-exponential and showed components with half-times of 28 ± 3 and 257 ± 43 min. A variable fraction, 57 ± 6%, appeared in the urine, in phase with the early-fast component of plasma disappearance. This in vivo finding of extensive urinary excretion conflicted with sedimentation velocity analysis of these preparations which indicated a homogenous preparation with mean molecular weight of a stable and therefore, unfilterable tetramer. It appears that the glomerular filter selects for permeant species not easily detected by sedimentation velocity analysis. The different species may reflect the presence, within the PXLs of conformational-slow-equilibria among isomeric forms with different degrees of filterability. In conclusion: It is important, useful and simple to determine urinary excretion as a means to ascertain molecular stability in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50-56
Number of pages7
JournalBBA - General Subjects
Volume1156
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 8 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cross-linked hemoglobin
  • Hemoglobin
  • Renal function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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