"Renal dose" dopamine is associated with the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery

Maged Argalious, Pablo Motta, Farah Khandwala, Samuel Samuel, Colleen Gorman Koch, A. Marc Gillinov, Jean Pierre Yared, Norman J. Starr, C. Allen Bashour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: "Renal dose" dopamine (rDA; 1-3 μg/kg per min) is administered to patients after cardiac surgery to preserve or improve renal function. Many of these patients develop new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter (pAF) that could be related to rDA administration. The objective of this investigation was to determine whether there was an association between rDA and new-onset pAF in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting with cardiopulmonary bypass (CABG). Setting: Research hospital. Subjects: The study population consisted of 1,731 patients undergoing CABG. Interventions: CABG with and without rDA. Design: After approval by the institutional review board, a retrospective study using the Cardiothoracic Anesthesia Patient Registry was undertaken to determine the association between rDA and pAF in patients undergoing CABG. Patients with a documented history of atrial fibrillation, those who required inotrope use during or after surgery, and those having valve surgery were excluded. Measurements and Main Results: One-thousand seven-hundred thirty-one patients undergoing CABG during the period of January 1, 2000, through June 30, 2002, were the study population; of these, 15.0% (260/1,731) developed pAF. The incidence of pAF was 23.3% (41/176) among patients who received rDA and 14.1% (219/1,555) among those who did not receive rDA. In the multivariable logistic regression model, patient age, gender, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, and rDA were associated with pAF (p < .01). Receipt of rDA increased the odds of developing pAF by 74%, independent of the effect of other variables. Conclusions: Renal-dose dopamine is associated with a 1.74 odds ratio of pAF developing after CABG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1327-1332
Number of pages6
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Coronary artery bypass grafting
  • Postoperative atrial fibrillation
  • Renal-dose dopamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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