Reliability of intra-abdominal pressure measurements using the modified Kron technique

L. Hunt, S. A. Frost, E. Alexandrou, K. Hillman, P. J. Newton, P. M. Davidson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Assessment of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) and the likelihood of abdominal compartment syndrome using valid and reliable measures is an important tool in the assessment of critically ill patients. The current method of relying on a single IAP per measurement period to determine patient clinical status raises the question: is a single intermittent IAP measurement an accurate indicator of clinical status or should more than one measurement be taken per measurement period? Methods: This study sought to assess the reliability of IAP measurements. Measurements were taken using the modified Kron technique. A total of two transvesical intra-abdominal pressure measurements were undertaken per patient using a standardized protocol. Recordings were taken at intervals of 5 minutes. Results: The majority of participants (58%) were surgical patients. Thirty-two were males and the mean age was 58 years (SD: 16.7 years). The concordance correlation coefficient between the two measurements was 0.95. Both the scatter and Bland–Altman plots demonstrate that the comparisons of two measurements are highly reproducible. Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that conducting two IAP measurements on single patient produce comparable results; therefore, there appears to be no advantage in doing two IAP measurements on a single patient. The measurement of an IAP requires the implementation of a standardized protocol and competent and credentialed assessors trained in the procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-120
Number of pages5
JournalActa Clinica Belgica: International Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Medicine
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Abdominal compartment syndrome
  • Intra-abdominal hypertension
  • Reliability
  • Validity
  • Variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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