Reliability of computer-assisted periacetabular osteotomy using a minimally invasive approach

Sepp De Raedt, Inger Mechlenburg, Maiken Stilling, Lone Rømer, Ryan J. Murphy, Mehran Armand, Jyri Lepistö, Marleen de Bruijne, Kjeld Søballe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is the treatment of choice for younger patients with developmental hip dysplasia. The procedure aims to normalize the joint configuration, reduce the peak-pressure, and delay the development of osteoarthritis. The procedure is technically demanding and no previous study has validated the use of computer navigation with a minimally invasive transsartorial approach. Methods: Computer-assisted PAO was performed on ten patients. Patients underwent pre- and postoperative computed tomography (CT) scanning with a standardized protocol. Preoperative preparation consisted of outlining the lunate surface and segmenting the pelvis and femur from CT data. The Biomechanical Guidance System was used intra-operatively to automatically calculate diagnostic angles and peak-pressure measurements. Manual diagnostic angle measurements were performed based on pre- and postoperative CT. Differences in angle measurements were investigated with summary statistics, intraclass correlation coefficient, and Bland–Altman plots. The percentage postoperative change in peak-pressure was calculated. Results: Intra-operative reported angle measurements show a good agreement with manual angle measurements with intraclass correlation coefficient between 0.94 and 0.98. Computer navigation reported angle measurements were significantly higher for the posterior sector angle (1. 65 , p= 0.001) and the acetabular anteversion angle (1. 24 , p= 0.004). No significant difference was found for the center-edge (p= 0.056), acetabular index (p= 0.212), and anterior sector angle (p= 0.452). Peak-pressure after PAO decreased by a mean of 13% and was significantly different (p= 0.008). Conclusions: We found that computer navigation can reliably be used with a minimally invasive transsartorial approach PAO. Angle measurements generally agree with manual measurements and peak-pressure was shown to decrease postoperatively. With further development, the system will become a valuable tool in the operating room for both experienced and less experienced surgeons performing PAO. Further studies with a larger cohort and follow-up will allow us to investigate the association with peak-pressure and postoperative outcome and pave the way to clinical introduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2021-2028
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

Keywords

  • Computer-assisted surgery
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Intra-operative angle measurements
  • Surgical Navigation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design

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