The net percentage of release of arylsulfatase activity from purified rat mast cells induced by rabbit anti-rat P(ab')2 was consistently only about 1/3 that of histamine. Isoelectric focusing of the released and residual arylsulfatase activities demonstrated specific release of the A type without B and a net percentage of immunologic release of arylsulfatase A equivalent to that of histamine. When the net percentage of histamine and arylsulfatase A release were nearly maximal (88 and 76%) in response to the calcium ionophore A23187, specific release of arylsulfatase B did not occur. Thus, arylsulfatase A and not B was associated with the secretory granule released from the rat mast cell by reversed anaphylaxis or the calcium ionophore. In contrast, subcellular fractionation of water-lysed mast cells yielded arylsulfatase B with the heparin- and chymase-containing granule fraction and arylsulfatase A in the aqueous fraction comprised of cell sap and granule water eluate. It may be that arylsulfatase B resides in a minor second granule, whereas arylsulfatase A is loosely associated with the predominant secretory granule of the rat mast cell.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1978|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy