The aim of this study was to compare the relative effectiveness of 6 different commonly used language fMRI activation paradigms, including receptive and expressive, as well as semantic and phonological tasks, for hemispheric lateralization in brain tumor patients utilizing both threshold-dependent and threshold-independent approaches. We studied 46 right-handed patients with primary intra-axial brain tumors with BOLD fMRI on a 3-T MRI system. A linear fit of the laterality indices (LIs) as a function of the t-value (which varied from 2.0 to 6.5) was calculated and the slope (M) taken as measure of LI variability in the threshold-dependent LI approach; for the threshold-independent approach, the LIs were determined by comparing the integrated T-score weighted distributions of all positively task-correlated voxels of the left and the right hemispheric regions of interest. We demonstrated that silent word generation (SWG) and rhyming (R) were the two expressive tasks that provided the best hemispheric language lateralization in this group, based on concordant threshold-dependent and threshold-independent analyses. Furthermore, R (mean LI value = 61.91, M= 7.9 ± 1.5) had a higher mean LI value and was less threshold-dependent than SWG (mean LI = 52.97, M= 11.40 ± 0.64) for LI determination. SWG and R were able to provide effective language lateralization even in the subgroup of patients with lesions located in the left hemisphere and in the frontal or parietal lobes. The receptive language paradigms examined in this study (passive listening [PL], listening comprehension [LC], and reading comprehension [RC]) were less effective than SWG and R for language lateralization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cognitive Neuroscience