Relative accessibility of N-acetylglucosamine in trimers of the adenovirus types 2 and 5 fiber proteins

Karen Gheesling Mullis, Robert S. Haltiwanger, Gerald Warren Hart, Richard B. Marchase, Jeffrey A. Engler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fiber is an adenovirus capsid protein responsible for virus attachment to the cell surface and contains O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc). Results of both amino acid analysis and Dionex chromatography indicated that 3 to 4 and 1.7 to 2.5 mol of GlcNAc are attached per mol of affinity-purified adenovirus type 2 (Ad2) and Ad5 fibers, respectively. Fiber shares an epitope with nuclear pore proteins containing O-linked GlcNAc, as shown by reactivity to monoclonal antibody RL2 directed against these pore proteins. GlcNAc on fiber was found to serve as an acceptor for the transfer of galactose from UDP-galactosc by 4β-galactosyl-transferase in Ad2 and Ad5 but not in Ad7; quantitation by labeling with UDP-[U-14C]galactose in this reaction gave a 100-fold-lower estimate of the GlcNAc content of fiber, suggesting that these monosaccharides are buried within fiber trimers and are not accessible to the transferase. Affinity chromatography on lectin-bound Sepharose beads showed that Ad2 and Ad5 fibers bound weakly to wheat germ agglutinin and did not bind to ricin or concanavalin A; weak binding to wheat germ agglutinin suggests either that GlcNAc is not easily accessible or that there are not sufficient GlcNAcs for efficient binding. These data suggest that O-linked GlcNAc might be important for Ad2 and Ad5 fiber assembly or stabilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5317-5323
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume64
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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