Relationship proximity to victims of witnessed community violence: Associations with adolescent internalizing and externalizing behaviors

Sharon F. Lambert, Rhonda C. Boyd, Nicole L. Cammack, Nicholas S Ialongo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Witnessing community violence has been linked with several adverse outcomes for adolescents, including emotional and behavioral problems. Among youth who have witnessed community violence, proximity to the victim of community violence is one factor that may determine, in part, the nature of adolescents' responses to community violence exposure. The present study examines whether relationship proximity to the victim of community violence is associated with internalizing and externalizing behaviors among a sample of urban and predominantly African American adolescents (N=501) who have witnessed community violence. In 10th grade, participants reported whether they had witnessed 10 community violence events during the past year, and, if so, whether the victim of the violence was a family member, close friend, acquaintance, or stranger. Witnessed community violence against a family member or close friend was associated with depressive symptoms, and witnessed community violence against known individuals was associated with anxiety symptoms. Witnessing community violence against familiar persons and strangers was linked with aggressive behavior. Gender differences in these associations and implications for assessment and intervention with community violence-exposed youth are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2012

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Violence
Proximity
African Americans
Anxiety
Depression

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Community violence exposure
  • Externalizing behaviors
  • Family-school partnership intervention
  • Relationship proximity to violence
  • Witnessed community violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Relationship proximity to victims of witnessed community violence : Associations with adolescent internalizing and externalizing behaviors. / Lambert, Sharon F.; Boyd, Rhonda C.; Cammack, Nicole L.; Ialongo, Nicholas S.

In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol. 82, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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