Background: This study aimed to identify the relationship between the vitamin D receptor (VDR) BsmI gene polymorphism and risk factors, surgical outcome and prognosis of hallux valgus (HV). Methods: A case-control study was performed on a cohort of 236 HV patients and 236 controls in a Chinese Han population. Detection of the VDR BsmI/G2A polymorphism was performed using restriction fragment length polymorphism–polymerase chain reaction. Results: We detected a statistically significant difference in the allele distribution of the BsmI polymorphism between cases and controls (p < 0.01). Significant loss of hallux valgus angle (HVA) and intermetatarsal angle (IMA) correction was only noted in patients with the bb genotype during the 2-year follow-up period (p < 0.01). The average American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scores at the 2-year follow-up were decreased in both groups when compared with those at the 6 month follow-up, and 1.45 points more decrease in patients with the bb genotype was observed as compared to those with the BB and Bb genotypes (p < 0.0001). The average visual analogue scales (VAS) also had the tendency with more pains in the bb genotype group (p < 0.0001). Furthermore, larger numbers of transfer metatarsalgia were found in patients with the bb genotype upon 2-year follow-up (p = 0.049). Conclusions: We report the first candidate gene polymorphism associated with susceptibility, surgical outcome and prognosis of HV in a Chinese Han population. Moreover, development of genetically-based method to predict the surgical outcome accurately and individualized therapy for HV are warranted.
- Hallux valgus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine