Relationship of the presence of a household improved latrine with diarrhea and under-five child mortality in Indonesia

Richard David Semba, Klaus Kraemer, Kai Sun, Saskia De Pee, Nasima Akhter, Regina Moench-Pfanner, Jee Hyun Rah, Ashley Campbell, Jane Badham, Martin Bloem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We characterized the relationship of the presence of an improved latrine with diarrhea and under-five child mortality in Indonesia. The proportion of rural and urban families, respectively, without an improved latrine was 52.1% and 16.2%, with a child with a history of diarrhea in the last 7 days was 8.2% and 9.7%, and with a history of under-five child mortality was 11.1% and 8.5%. Among rural and urban families, respectively, lack of an improved latrine was associated with a child history of diarrhea in the last 7 days (odds ratio [OR] = 1.23, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.18-1.29, P <0.0001; OR = 1.20, 95% CI = 1.13-1.27, P <0.0001) and under-five child mortality (OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 1.25-1.31, P <0.0001; OR = 1.22, 95% CI = 1.12-1.32, P <0.0001) in separate multivariable logistic regression models adjusting for covariates. The lack of a household improved latrine is associated with diarrhea and under-five child mortality in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)443-450
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

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Toilet Facilities
Child Mortality
Indonesia
Diarrhea
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Logistic Models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Virology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Relationship of the presence of a household improved latrine with diarrhea and under-five child mortality in Indonesia. / Semba, Richard David; Kraemer, Klaus; Sun, Kai; De Pee, Saskia; Akhter, Nasima; Moench-Pfanner, Regina; Hyun Rah, Jee; Campbell, Ashley; Badham, Jane; Bloem, Martin.

In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Vol. 84, No. 3, 03.2011, p. 443-450.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Semba, Richard David ; Kraemer, Klaus ; Sun, Kai ; De Pee, Saskia ; Akhter, Nasima ; Moench-Pfanner, Regina ; Hyun Rah, Jee ; Campbell, Ashley ; Badham, Jane ; Bloem, Martin. / Relationship of the presence of a household improved latrine with diarrhea and under-five child mortality in Indonesia. In: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2011 ; Vol. 84, No. 3. pp. 443-450.
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