Relationship of the Blood Pressure Categories, as Defined by the ACC/AHA 2017 Blood Pressure Guidelines, and the Risk of Development of Cardiovascular Disease in Low-Risk Young Adults: Insights From a Retrospective Cohort of Young Adults

Seolhye Kim, Yoosoo Chang, Jeonggyu Kang, Ara Cho, Juhee Cho, Yun Soo Hong, Di Zhao, Jiin Ahn, Hocheol Shin, Eliseo Guallar, Seungho Ryu, Ki Chul Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There are limited outcome studies of hypertension among young adults, especially using the new blood pressure (BP) categories from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. We examined associations between the new BP categories and the risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in low-risk and young adults. Methods and Results: A cohort study was performed in 244 837 Korean adults (mean age, 39.0 years; SD, 8.9 years) who underwent a comprehensive health examination at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2016; they were followed up for incident CVD via linkage to the Health Insurance and Review Agency database until the end of 2016, with a median follow-up of 4.3 years. BP was categorized according to the new American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) hypertension guidelines. During 924 420.7 person-years, 1435 participants developed new-onset CVD (incidence rate of 16.0 per 104 person-years). The multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (95% CIs) for CVD comparing elevated BP, stage 1 hypertension, stage 2 hypertension, treated and strictly controlled (systolic BP/diastolic BP <130/80 mm Hg with antihypertensive use), treated and controlled (systolic BP 130–139 and diastolic BP 80 to 89 mm Hg with antihypertensive use), treated uncontrolled, and untreated hypertension to normal BP were 1.37 (1.11–1.68), 1.45 (1.26–1.68), 2.12 (1.74–2.58), 1.41 (1.12–1.78), 1.97 (1.52–2.56), 2.29 (1.56–3.37) and 1.93 (1.53–2.45), respectively. Conclusions: In this large cohort of low-risk and young adults, all categories of higher BP were independently associated with an increased risk of CVD compared with normal BP, underscoring the importance of BP management even in these low-risk populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere011946
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 4 2019

Keywords

  • cardiovascular outcomes
  • cohort study
  • high blood pressure
  • hypertension
  • incidence
  • risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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