Relationship of household food insecurity to anaemia in children aged 6-59 months among families in rural Indonesia

Ashley Campbell, N. Akhter, K. Sun, S. de Pee, K. Kraemer, R. Moench-Pfanner, J. H. Rah, J. Badham, Martin Bloem, Richard David Semba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Anaemia is a significant global public health problem in developing countries with adverse health effects on young children. Household food insecurity, which reflects a household's access, availability and utilisation of food, has not been well characterised in relation to anaemia in children. Objective: To examine the relationship of household food insecurity with anaemia (Hb>11 g/dl) in children. Methods: In a cross-sectional study of 4940 rural households participating in the Indonesian Nutrition Surveillance System, household food insecurity was measured using a modified 9-item food security questionnaire and related to anaemia in children aged 6-59 months. Results: The proportion of households with an anaemic child was 56.6%. In households with and without anaemic children, the mean (SD) food insecurity score was 1.82 (1.72) vs 1.55 (1.54) (p>0.0001), respectively. In a multivariate logistic regression model, food insecurity score was related to anaemia in children (odds ratio 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.63-0.95, p=50.01) when the highest quintile of food insecurity score was compared with the lowest quintile, adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusion: A higher household food insecurity score is associated with greater prevalence of anaemia in children in rural families in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-330
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Tropical Paediatrics
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

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Indonesia
Food Supply
Anemia
Logistic Models
Developing Countries
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Food
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Relationship of household food insecurity to anaemia in children aged 6-59 months among families in rural Indonesia. / Campbell, Ashley; Akhter, N.; Sun, K.; de Pee, S.; Kraemer, K.; Moench-Pfanner, R.; Rah, J. H.; Badham, J.; Bloem, Martin; Semba, Richard David.

In: Annals of Tropical Paediatrics, Vol. 31, No. 4, 11.2011, p. 321-330.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Campbell, Ashley ; Akhter, N. ; Sun, K. ; de Pee, S. ; Kraemer, K. ; Moench-Pfanner, R. ; Rah, J. H. ; Badham, J. ; Bloem, Martin ; Semba, Richard David. / Relationship of household food insecurity to anaemia in children aged 6-59 months among families in rural Indonesia. In: Annals of Tropical Paediatrics. 2011 ; Vol. 31, No. 4. pp. 321-330.
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