Background: Anaemia is a significant global public health problem in developing countries with adverse health effects on young children. Household food insecurity, which reflects a household's access, availability and utilisation of food, has not been well characterised in relation to anaemia in children. Objective: To examine the relationship of household food insecurity with anaemia (Hb>11 g/dl) in children. Methods: In a cross-sectional study of 4940 rural households participating in the Indonesian Nutrition Surveillance System, household food insecurity was measured using a modified 9-item food security questionnaire and related to anaemia in children aged 6-59 months. Results: The proportion of households with an anaemic child was 56.6%. In households with and without anaemic children, the mean (SD) food insecurity score was 1.82 (1.72) vs 1.55 (1.54) (p>0.0001), respectively. In a multivariate logistic regression model, food insecurity score was related to anaemia in children (odds ratio 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.63-0.95, p=50.01) when the highest quintile of food insecurity score was compared with the lowest quintile, adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusion: A higher household food insecurity score is associated with greater prevalence of anaemia in children in rural families in Indonesia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health