Relationship of household food insecurity to anaemia in children aged 6-59 months among families in rural Indonesia

A. A. Campbell, N. Akhter, Kai Sun, S. de Pee, K. Kraemer, R. Moench-Pfanner, J. H. Rah, J. Badham, M. W. Bloem, R. D. Semba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Anaemia is a significant global public health problem in developing countries with adverse health effects on young children. Household food insecurity, which reflects a household's access, availability and utilisation of food, has not been well characterised in relation to anaemia in children. Objective: To examine the relationship of household food insecurity with anaemia (Hb>11 g/dl) in children. Methods: In a cross-sectional study of 4940 rural households participating in the Indonesian Nutrition Surveillance System, household food insecurity was measured using a modified 9-item food security questionnaire and related to anaemia in children aged 6-59 months. Results: The proportion of households with an anaemic child was 56.6%. In households with and without anaemic children, the mean (SD) food insecurity score was 1.82 (1.72) vs 1.55 (1.54) (p>0.0001), respectively. In a multivariate logistic regression model, food insecurity score was related to anaemia in children (odds ratio 0.77, 95% confidence interval 0.63-0.95, p=50.01) when the highest quintile of food insecurity score was compared with the lowest quintile, adjusting for potential confounders. Conclusion: A higher household food insecurity score is associated with greater prevalence of anaemia in children in rural families in Indonesia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-330
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Tropical Paediatrics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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