Relationship of homestead food production with night blindness among children below 5 years of age in Bangladesh

Ashley A. Campbell, Nasima Akhter, Kai Sun, Saskia De Pee, Klaus Kraemer, Regina Moench-Pfanner, Jee H. Rah, Jane Badham, Martin W. Bloem, Richard D. Semba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To examine the relationship between homestead food production and night blindness among pre-school children in rural Bangladesh in the presence of a national vitamin A supplementation programme. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: A population-based sample of six rural divisions of Bangladesh assessed in the Bangladesh Nutrition Surveillance Project 2001-2005. Subjects: A total of 158 898 children aged 12-59 months. Results: The prevalence rates of night blindness in children among those who did and did not receive vitamin A capsules in the last 6 months were 0·07 % and 0·13 %, respectively. Given the known effect of vitamin A supplementation on night blindness, the analysis was stratified by children's receipt of vitamin A capsules in the last 6 months. Among children who did not receive vitamin A capsules in the last 6 months, the lack of a home garden was associated with increased odds of night blindness (OR = 3·16, 95 % CI 1·76, 5·68; P = 0·0001). Among children who received vitamin A capsules in the last 6 months, the lack of a home garden was not associated with night blindness (OR = 1·28, 95 % CI 0·71, 2·31; P = 0·4). Conclusions: Homestead food production confers a protective effect against night blindness among pre-school children who missed vitamin A supplementation in rural Bangladesh.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1627-1631
Number of pages5
JournalPublic health nutrition
Volume14
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

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Keywords

  • Bangladesh
  • Home garden
  • Night blindness
  • Vitamin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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