Relationship of contractile function to transmural extent of infarction in patients with chronic coronary artery disease

Heiko Mahrholdt, Anja Wagner, Michele Parker, Matthias Regenfus, David S. Fieno, Robert O. Bonow, Raymond J. Kim, Robert M. Judd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the relationship of contractile function to the transmural extent of infarction (TEI) in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: In the setting of reperfused, chronic myocardial infarction (MI), the relationship of contractile function to the TEI has not been established. METHODS: We studied function by cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the TEI by contrast-enhanced MRI in 31 patients with single-vessel disease 162 ± 62 days after reperfused first MI. RESULTS: Of all 516 segments with MI, blinded observers were unable to detect abnormal thickening in 193 (37%), and wall thickening measured quantitatively in these segments was 66 ± 28%. Of the 193 segments, 163 (84%) were infarcts limited to the subendocardium. The average TEI reached 53% before half of the patients had abnormal contractile function. When patients with small MI (≤5% of total left ventricular [LV] mass) were excluded, the average TEI reached 43% before half the patients had abnormal function. In subjects with small MI (≤5% of total LV mass [n = 131), even segments with TEI >75% had normal function (14 of 14) because they were surrounded by normally moving neighbor segments. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of reperfused chronic MI, the TEI approaches 50% before contractile dysfunction can be systematically identified. Contractile function cannot be used to rule out chronic MI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-512
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume42
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Infarction
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Infarction
Cine Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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Relationship of contractile function to transmural extent of infarction in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. / Mahrholdt, Heiko; Wagner, Anja; Parker, Michele; Regenfus, Matthias; Fieno, David S.; Bonow, Robert O.; Kim, Raymond J.; Judd, Robert M.

In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 42, No. 3, 06.08.2003, p. 505-512.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mahrholdt, Heiko ; Wagner, Anja ; Parker, Michele ; Regenfus, Matthias ; Fieno, David S. ; Bonow, Robert O. ; Kim, Raymond J. ; Judd, Robert M. / Relationship of contractile function to transmural extent of infarction in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2003 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 505-512.
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AU - Bonow, Robert O.

AU - Kim, Raymond J.

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N2 - OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the relationship of contractile function to the transmural extent of infarction (TEI) in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: In the setting of reperfused, chronic myocardial infarction (MI), the relationship of contractile function to the TEI has not been established. METHODS: We studied function by cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the TEI by contrast-enhanced MRI in 31 patients with single-vessel disease 162 ± 62 days after reperfused first MI. RESULTS: Of all 516 segments with MI, blinded observers were unable to detect abnormal thickening in 193 (37%), and wall thickening measured quantitatively in these segments was 66 ± 28%. Of the 193 segments, 163 (84%) were infarcts limited to the subendocardium. The average TEI reached 53% before half of the patients had abnormal contractile function. When patients with small MI (≤5% of total left ventricular [LV] mass) were excluded, the average TEI reached 43% before half the patients had abnormal function. In subjects with small MI (≤5% of total LV mass [n = 131), even segments with TEI >75% had normal function (14 of 14) because they were surrounded by normally moving neighbor segments. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of reperfused chronic MI, the TEI approaches 50% before contractile dysfunction can be systematically identified. Contractile function cannot be used to rule out chronic MI.

AB - OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the relationship of contractile function to the transmural extent of infarction (TEI) in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND: In the setting of reperfused, chronic myocardial infarction (MI), the relationship of contractile function to the TEI has not been established. METHODS: We studied function by cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the TEI by contrast-enhanced MRI in 31 patients with single-vessel disease 162 ± 62 days after reperfused first MI. RESULTS: Of all 516 segments with MI, blinded observers were unable to detect abnormal thickening in 193 (37%), and wall thickening measured quantitatively in these segments was 66 ± 28%. Of the 193 segments, 163 (84%) were infarcts limited to the subendocardium. The average TEI reached 53% before half of the patients had abnormal contractile function. When patients with small MI (≤5% of total left ventricular [LV] mass) were excluded, the average TEI reached 43% before half the patients had abnormal function. In subjects with small MI (≤5% of total LV mass [n = 131), even segments with TEI >75% had normal function (14 of 14) because they were surrounded by normally moving neighbor segments. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of reperfused chronic MI, the TEI approaches 50% before contractile dysfunction can be systematically identified. Contractile function cannot be used to rule out chronic MI.

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