Relationship of a dominant advanced glycation end product, serum carboxymethyl-lysine, and abnormal glucose metabolism in adults: The baltimore longitudinal study of aging

Richard D. Semba, J. Beck, Kai Sun, J. M. Egan, O. D. Carlson, R. Varadhan, L. Ferrucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Although hyperglycemia is thought to increase the generation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), studies have not shown a consistent relationship between abnormal glucose metabolism and serum AGEs. We investigated the relationship between a dominant serum AGE, Ncarboxymethyl-lysine (CML), and glucose metabolism. Subjects and Methods: Serum CML, fasting plasma glucose, and glucose tolerance were measured in 755 adults in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Fasting plasma glucose was categorized as normal (≤99 mg/dL), impaired (100-125 mg/dL), and diabetic (>125 mg/dL). Two-hour plasma glucose on oral glucose tolerance testing was categorized as normal (≤139 mg/dL), impaired (140-199 mg/dL), and diabetic (≥200 mg/dL). Results: The proportion of adults with normal, impaired, and diabetic fasting plasma glucose was 73.8%, 22.9%, and 2.9%, respectively, and the proportion with normal, impaired, and diabetic 2-hour plasma glucose was 73.1%, 19.2%, and 7.7%, respectively. Serum CML ( g/mL) was not associated with abnormal fasting plasma glucose (Odds Ratio [O.R.] 0.60, 95% Confidence Interval [C.I.] 0.15-2.36, P = 0.47) in a multivariate, ordered logistic regression model, adjusting for age, race, gender, body mass index, and chronic diseases. Serum CML ( g/mL) was associated with abnormal 2-hour plasma glucose on glucose tolerance testing (O.R. 0.15, 95% C.I. 0.04-0.63, P = 0.009) in a multivariate, ordered logistic regression model, adjusting for the same covariates. Conclusions: Elevated CML, a dominant AGE, was not associated with elevated fasting plasma glucose and was associated with a reduced odds of abnormal glucose tolerance in older community-dwelling adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-513
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nutrition, Health and Aging
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2010

Keywords

  • Advanced glycation end products
  • aging
  • diabetes
  • glucose tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Relationship of a dominant advanced glycation end product, serum carboxymethyl-lysine, and abnormal glucose metabolism in adults: The baltimore longitudinal study of aging'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this