Relationship Between BMI and Food Purchases in Low-Income, Urban African American Adult Carry-Out Customers

Vanessa A. Hoffman, Seung Hee Lee, Sara N. Bleich, Sonja Goedkoop, Joel Gittelsohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Carry-outs are an important source of calorically dense foods in low-income urban neighborhoods. However, little is known about how customer body mass index (BMI) relates to purchasing behavior. A random sample of 184 adult carry-out customers was surveyed on frequency of visits, demographic information, and purchases made over the prior week at 8 carry-outs. This information was used to determine healthy food purchasing scores. BMI was negatively associated with purchasing a healthy side dish (β = -0.052, P =.025) and positively associated with purchasing a healthy drink (β = 0.051, P =.022), adjusting for age, sex, education, and employment. Based on these findings, efforts could be made to improve the food environment by increasing promotion of these healthier options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-545
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • body mass index (BMI)
  • carry-outs
  • food environment
  • low-income neighborhoods
  • nutrition
  • prepared food
  • restaurants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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