Relationship between baseline resting diastolic function and exercise capacity in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy undergoing treadmill stress echocardiography: A cohort study

Wael A. AlJaroudi, Milind Y. Desai, M. Chadi Alraies, Maran Thamilarasan, Venu Menon, L. Leonardo Rodriguez, Nicholas Smedira, Richard A. Grimm, Harry M. Lever, Wael A. Jaber

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Abstract

Objective: Diastolic dysfunction (DD) is often incriminated in the symptomatology of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), but with limited supporting data. This study sought to assess the relationship between baseline diastolic function and exercise capacity in patients with HCM. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Tertiary referral centre from Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Participants: 695 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of HCM who underwent exercise stress echocardiography between 1996 and 2011. Primary and secondary outcome measures: Diastolic function was reassessed from the resting echocardiograms by two blinded board-certified cardiologists. Maximal metabolic equivalents (MET) were extracted from the records. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to determine independent predictors of METs achieved. Results: Of 695 patients, 130 were excluded because of inability to assess diastolic function. There was no significant difference in maximal METs achieved between those excluded and included in the analysis (p=0.80). There were 495 remaining patients with a mean age (SD) of 50 (15) years, and 32% women among whom 102 (21%) had normal diastolic function, 243 (49%) stage 1 DD; 131 (26%) stage 2 DD and 19 (4%) stage 3 DD. Patients with advanced DD had lower maximal METs achieved compared with those with normal diastolic function (OR 3.18(1.96 to 5.14) for stage 1 versus normal, and 3.21(1.89 to 5.43) for stage ≥2 versus normal, p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere002104
JournalBMJ Open
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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