Aortic valve intervention (AVI) in patients with a severe aortic stenosis (AS) and a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is controversial. Mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE) is an easily acquired metric of left ventricular longitudinal shortening. We sought to investigate if an asymptomatic decrease in MAPSE preceded the need for AVI in asymptomatic patients with AS and a preserved LVEF. In this retrospective cohort study, we identified 205 consecutive patients (56% male, 73 ± 11 years) with at least a moderate AS and a normal LVEF who underwent a serial outpatient transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) from 2006 to 2013. Apical TTE images were reviewed and (the average of septal, lateral, anterior, and inferior) MAPSE was measured. We examined the association of change in MAPSE with aortic valve area and LVEF over time and used time-varying Cox models to examine the risk of AVI. MAPSE correlated with aortic valve area (Spearman r = 0.18, p = 0.02) and decreased with subsequent TTE, whereas LVEF was “maintained.” For each 1-mm reduction in MAPSE, the age- and gender-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for AVI was 1.15 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01 to 1.31, p = 0.04). A MAPSE decrease of >2 mm/TTE was significantly associated with an increased risk of AVI, with an adjusted HR of 1.95 (95% CI 1.04 to 3.66, p = 0.04), whereas a MAPSE decrease of >1.5 mm/year trended toward an association with an increased risk of AVI (HR 1.61, 95% CI 0.95 to 2.74, p = 0.08). In conclusion, in asymptomatic patients with at least a moderate AS and a preserved LVEF, an asymptomatic decrease in MAPSE was associated with the clinical need for AVI despite ongoing preservation of LVEF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine