Relation of family history of premature coronary heart disease and metabolic risk factors to risk of coronary arterial calcium in asymptomatic subjects

Erin D. Michos, Khurram Nasir, John A. Rumberger, Chandra Vasamreddy, Joel B. Braunstein, Matthew J. Budoff, Roger S. Blumenthal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We studied 6,141 consecutive, asymptomatic, nondiabetic patients who underwent electron beam tomography and explored the interaction between metabolic risk factors (RFs) and premature family history (FH) of coronary heart disease (CHD) in predicting the presence and severity of coronary arterial calcium (CAC). In the presence of >2 metabolic RFs, patients with a positive FH of premature CHD had a significantly higher prevalence of any CAC, CAC <100, and CAC <75th age-gender percentile than those without a FH of CHD. Our study demonstrated that a familial propensity to subclinical atherosclerosis interacts with the presence of <2 metabolic RFs, magnifying the risks for those exposed to both.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-657
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume95
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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