Relation between malodor, ambient hydrogen sulfide, and health in a community bordering a landfill

Christopher David Heaney, Steve Wing, Robert L. Campbell, David Caldwell, Barbara Hopkins, David Richardson, Karin Yeatts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Municipal solid waste landfills are sources of air pollution that may affect the health and quality of life of neighboring communities. Objectives: To investigate health and quality of life concerns of neighbors related to landfill air pollution. Methods: Landfill neighbors were enrolled and kept twice-daily diaries for 14d about odor intensity, alteration of daily activities, mood states, and irritant and other physical symptoms between January and November 2009. Concurrently, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) air measurements were recorded every 15-min. Relationships between H2S, odor, and health outcomes were evaluated using conditional fixed effects regression models. Results: Twenty-three participants enrolled and completed 878 twice-daily diary entries. H2S measurements were recorded over a period of 80d and 1-h average H2S=0.22ppb (SD=0.27; range: 0-2.30ppb). Landfill odor increased 0.63 points (on 5-point Likert-type scale) for every 1ppb increase in hourly average H2S when the wind was blowing from the landfill towards the community (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.29, 0.91). Odor was strongly associated with reports of alteration of daily activities (odds ratio (OR)=9.0; 95% CI: 3.5, 23.5), negative mood states (OR=5.2; 95% CI: 2.8, 9.6), mucosal irritation (OR=3.7; 95% CI=2.0, 7.1) and upper respiratory symptoms (OR=3.9; 95% CI: 2.2, 7.0), but not positive mood states (OR=0.6; 95% CI: 0.2, 1.5) and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms (OR=1.0; 95% CI: 0.4, 2.6). Conclusions: Results suggest air pollutants from a regional landfill negatively impact the health and quality of life of neighbors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)847-852
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume111
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Waste Disposal Facilities
Hydrogen Sulfide
hydrogen sulfide
Land fill
confidence interval
landfill
Health
Odors
Confidence Intervals
Odds Ratio
odor
quality of life
Air pollution
Air Pollution
Quality of Life
atmospheric pollution
Air Pollutants
Irritants
Solid Waste
Municipal solid waste

Keywords

  • Air pollution
  • Community-driven research
  • Health
  • Hydrogen sulfide
  • Malodor
  • Solid waste landfills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Relation between malodor, ambient hydrogen sulfide, and health in a community bordering a landfill. / Heaney, Christopher David; Wing, Steve; Campbell, Robert L.; Caldwell, David; Hopkins, Barbara; Richardson, David; Yeatts, Karin.

In: Environmental Research, Vol. 111, No. 6, 08.2011, p. 847-852.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heaney, CD, Wing, S, Campbell, RL, Caldwell, D, Hopkins, B, Richardson, D & Yeatts, K 2011, 'Relation between malodor, ambient hydrogen sulfide, and health in a community bordering a landfill', Environmental Research, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 847-852. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2011.05.021
Heaney, Christopher David ; Wing, Steve ; Campbell, Robert L. ; Caldwell, David ; Hopkins, Barbara ; Richardson, David ; Yeatts, Karin. / Relation between malodor, ambient hydrogen sulfide, and health in a community bordering a landfill. In: Environmental Research. 2011 ; Vol. 111, No. 6. pp. 847-852.
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abstract = "Background: Municipal solid waste landfills are sources of air pollution that may affect the health and quality of life of neighboring communities. Objectives: To investigate health and quality of life concerns of neighbors related to landfill air pollution. Methods: Landfill neighbors were enrolled and kept twice-daily diaries for 14d about odor intensity, alteration of daily activities, mood states, and irritant and other physical symptoms between January and November 2009. Concurrently, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) air measurements were recorded every 15-min. Relationships between H2S, odor, and health outcomes were evaluated using conditional fixed effects regression models. Results: Twenty-three participants enrolled and completed 878 twice-daily diary entries. H2S measurements were recorded over a period of 80d and 1-h average H2S=0.22ppb (SD=0.27; range: 0-2.30ppb). Landfill odor increased 0.63 points (on 5-point Likert-type scale) for every 1ppb increase in hourly average H2S when the wind was blowing from the landfill towards the community (95{\%} confidence interval (CI): 0.29, 0.91). Odor was strongly associated with reports of alteration of daily activities (odds ratio (OR)=9.0; 95{\%} CI: 3.5, 23.5), negative mood states (OR=5.2; 95{\%} CI: 2.8, 9.6), mucosal irritation (OR=3.7; 95{\%} CI=2.0, 7.1) and upper respiratory symptoms (OR=3.9; 95{\%} CI: 2.2, 7.0), but not positive mood states (OR=0.6; 95{\%} CI: 0.2, 1.5) and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms (OR=1.0; 95{\%} CI: 0.4, 2.6). Conclusions: Results suggest air pollutants from a regional landfill negatively impact the health and quality of life of neighbors.",
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AU - Richardson, David

AU - Yeatts, Karin

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N2 - Background: Municipal solid waste landfills are sources of air pollution that may affect the health and quality of life of neighboring communities. Objectives: To investigate health and quality of life concerns of neighbors related to landfill air pollution. Methods: Landfill neighbors were enrolled and kept twice-daily diaries for 14d about odor intensity, alteration of daily activities, mood states, and irritant and other physical symptoms between January and November 2009. Concurrently, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) air measurements were recorded every 15-min. Relationships between H2S, odor, and health outcomes were evaluated using conditional fixed effects regression models. Results: Twenty-three participants enrolled and completed 878 twice-daily diary entries. H2S measurements were recorded over a period of 80d and 1-h average H2S=0.22ppb (SD=0.27; range: 0-2.30ppb). Landfill odor increased 0.63 points (on 5-point Likert-type scale) for every 1ppb increase in hourly average H2S when the wind was blowing from the landfill towards the community (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.29, 0.91). Odor was strongly associated with reports of alteration of daily activities (odds ratio (OR)=9.0; 95% CI: 3.5, 23.5), negative mood states (OR=5.2; 95% CI: 2.8, 9.6), mucosal irritation (OR=3.7; 95% CI=2.0, 7.1) and upper respiratory symptoms (OR=3.9; 95% CI: 2.2, 7.0), but not positive mood states (OR=0.6; 95% CI: 0.2, 1.5) and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms (OR=1.0; 95% CI: 0.4, 2.6). Conclusions: Results suggest air pollutants from a regional landfill negatively impact the health and quality of life of neighbors.

AB - Background: Municipal solid waste landfills are sources of air pollution that may affect the health and quality of life of neighboring communities. Objectives: To investigate health and quality of life concerns of neighbors related to landfill air pollution. Methods: Landfill neighbors were enrolled and kept twice-daily diaries for 14d about odor intensity, alteration of daily activities, mood states, and irritant and other physical symptoms between January and November 2009. Concurrently, hydrogen sulfide (H2S) air measurements were recorded every 15-min. Relationships between H2S, odor, and health outcomes were evaluated using conditional fixed effects regression models. Results: Twenty-three participants enrolled and completed 878 twice-daily diary entries. H2S measurements were recorded over a period of 80d and 1-h average H2S=0.22ppb (SD=0.27; range: 0-2.30ppb). Landfill odor increased 0.63 points (on 5-point Likert-type scale) for every 1ppb increase in hourly average H2S when the wind was blowing from the landfill towards the community (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.29, 0.91). Odor was strongly associated with reports of alteration of daily activities (odds ratio (OR)=9.0; 95% CI: 3.5, 23.5), negative mood states (OR=5.2; 95% CI: 2.8, 9.6), mucosal irritation (OR=3.7; 95% CI=2.0, 7.1) and upper respiratory symptoms (OR=3.9; 95% CI: 2.2, 7.0), but not positive mood states (OR=0.6; 95% CI: 0.2, 1.5) and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms (OR=1.0; 95% CI: 0.4, 2.6). Conclusions: Results suggest air pollutants from a regional landfill negatively impact the health and quality of life of neighbors.

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