Aicardi–Goutières syndrome (AGS) is a rare and likely underdiagnosed genetic leukoencephalopathy, typically presenting in infancy with encephalopathy and characteristic neuroimaging features, with residual static neurological deficits. We describe a patient who, following an initial presentation at the age of 12 months in keeping with AGS, exhibited a highly atypical relapsing course of neurological symptoms in adulthood with essentially normal neuroimaging. Whole-exome sequencing confirmed a pathogenic RNASEH2B gene variant consistent with AGS. This case highlights the expanding phenotypes associated with AGS and the potential role of whole-exome sequencing in facilitating an increase in the rate of diagnosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology