Ten nonsplenectomized patients (5 males, 5 females) with hairy-cell leukemia were treated with recombinant alpha-IFN. The median age of patients was 54 years (32-76 years). The time between diagnosis and onset of treatment ranged from 1-120 months. Initially the patients received 5 x 106 I.U. daily by intramuscular or subcutaneous injections for 10 weeks. Thereafter the dose of IFN was reduced to 5 x106 I.U.3 x weekly and after 6 months to 5 x 1106 I.U. 2 x weekly for at least 6 months. The median time of patient follow-up is 23 months (4-28 months). Three complete remissions were achieved after 3-24 months and five partial remissions after 4-18 months. One patient showed improvement after 3 months, and one patient died from cerebral hemorrhage after 5 weeks. In eight of ten patients peripheral blood cell counts normalized after a median of 7 months (1.5-11 months). A marked reduction in spleen size was observed in all seven patients who had splenomegaly at study entry. Two of three patients who interrupted therapy have relapsed after 2 and 6 months. We conclude that alpha-interferon is an effective method of first-line treatment in patients with HCL.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|
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