Rehabilitation of Unilateral Spatial Neglect: New Insights From Magnetic Resonance Perfusion Imaging

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hillis AE. Rehabilitation of unilateral spatial neglect: new insights from magnetic resonance perfusion imaging. Objective: To illustrate how magnetic resonance perfusion imaging has provided insights regarding rehabilitation of different forms of hemispatial neglect. Data Sources: Recent studies of different types of neglect and their neural substrates and of rehabilitation strategies that might be differentially effective for different types of neglect. Study Selection: Author selected all articles on PubMed that were identified with the key words reference frame or perfusion-weighted imaging plus neglect plus rehabilitation and other relevant articles that were cited therein. Data Extraction: An independent reviewer determined if the data presented provided evidence relevant to planning or developing rehabilitation for stroke patients with distinct forms of neglect. Data Synthesis: Results from a number of studies converge on the hypothesis that hypoperfusion and/or infarct of right angular gyrus and intraparietal sulcus can cause viewer-centered neglect, whereas hypoperfusion and/or infarct of right superior temporal gyrus can lead to left stimulus-centered neglect. Distinct forms of rehabilitation might be differentially useful for distinct types of spatial neglect, even though an individual patient may have 2 or more types of neglect. Magnetic resonance perfusion imaging has also shown that fluctuations in neglect in the acute-subacute period after stroke are often due to changes in blood flow caused by changes in blood pressure. Conclusions: Consideration of neglect type and status of cerebral blood flow can be useful in planning strategies to ameliorate each individual's deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-49
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume87
Issue number12 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006

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Keywords

  • Hemispatial neglect
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Rehabilitation
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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