Hillis AE. Rehabilitation of unilateral spatial neglect: new insights from magnetic resonance perfusion imaging. Objective: To illustrate how magnetic resonance perfusion imaging has provided insights regarding rehabilitation of different forms of hemispatial neglect. Data Sources: Recent studies of different types of neglect and their neural substrates and of rehabilitation strategies that might be differentially effective for different types of neglect. Study Selection: Author selected all articles on PubMed that were identified with the key words reference frame or perfusion-weighted imaging plus neglect plus rehabilitation and other relevant articles that were cited therein. Data Extraction: An independent reviewer determined if the data presented provided evidence relevant to planning or developing rehabilitation for stroke patients with distinct forms of neglect. Data Synthesis: Results from a number of studies converge on the hypothesis that hypoperfusion and/or infarct of right angular gyrus and intraparietal sulcus can cause viewer-centered neglect, whereas hypoperfusion and/or infarct of right superior temporal gyrus can lead to left stimulus-centered neglect. Distinct forms of rehabilitation might be differentially useful for distinct types of spatial neglect, even though an individual patient may have 2 or more types of neglect. Magnetic resonance perfusion imaging has also shown that fluctuations in neglect in the acute-subacute period after stroke are often due to changes in blood flow caused by changes in blood pressure. Conclusions: Consideration of neglect type and status of cerebral blood flow can be useful in planning strategies to ameliorate each individual's deficits.
- Hemispatial neglect
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation