Regulatory T cells reduce acute lung injury fibroproliferation by decreasing fibrocyte recruitment

Brian T. Garibaldi, Franco R. D'Alessio, Jason R. Mock, D. Clark Files, Eric Chau, Yoshiki Eto, M. Bradley Drummond, Neil R. Aggarwal, Venkataramana Sidhaye, Landon S. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) causes significant morbidity and mortality. Fibroproliferation in ALI results in worse outcomes, but the mechanisms governing fibroproliferation remain poorly understood. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are important in lung injury resolution. Their role in fibroproliferation is unknown. We sought to identify the role of Tregs in ALI fibroproliferation, using a murine model of lung injury. Wild-type (WT) and lymphocyte-deficient Rag-1-/- mice received intratracheal LPS. Fibroproliferationwascharacterizedby histology and the measurement of lung collagen. Lung fibrocytes were measured by flow cytometry. To dissect the role of Tregs in fibroproliferation, Rag-1-/- mice received CD4 +CD25+ (Tregs) or CD4+ CD25- Tcells (non-Tregs) at the time of LPS injury. To define the role of the chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12)-CXCR4 pathway in ALI fibroproliferation, Rag-1-/- mice were treated with the CXCR4 antagonist AMD3100 to block fibrocyte recruitment. WT and Rag-1-/- mice demonstrated significant collagen deposition on Day 3 after LPS. WT mice exhibited the clearance of collagen, but Rag-1-/- mice developed persistent fibrosis. This fibrosis was mediated by the sustained epithelial expression of CXCL12 (or stromal cell-derived factor 1 [SDF-1]) that led to increased fibrocyte recruitment. The adoptive transfer of Tregs resolved fibroproliferation by decreasing CXCL12 expression and subsequent fibrocyte recruitment. Blockade of the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis with AMD3100 also decreased lung fibrocytes and fibroproliferation. These results indicate a central role for Tregs in the resolution of ALI fibroproliferation by reducing fibrocyte recruitment along the CXCL12-CXCR4 axis. A dissection of the role of Tregs in ALI fibroproliferation may inform the design of new therapeutic tools for patients with ALI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Acute lung injury
  • Fibrocytes
  • Fibroproliferative ARDS
  • Lung injury resolution
  • Regulatory T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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