Regulation of Syk kinase and FcRβ expression in human basophils during treatment with omalizumab

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Abstract

Background: In human basophils from different subjects, maximum IgE-mediated histamine release and the level of Syk protein expression correlate well. Recent studies suggest that in some patients treated with omalizumab, the response to stimulation with anti-IgE antibody increases. In unrelated studies there is also evidence that the composition of Fcε{lunate}RI in basophils differs among subjects. This observation raised the possibility that the stoichiometry of FcRβ/Fcε{lunate}RIα is not fixed to a 1:1 ratio and might be modifiable during changes in the basophil's environment. Objective: We sought to determine whether treatment with omalizumab results in increases in Syk expression and anti-IgE-mediated histamine release and disproportionately alters the relative presence of FcRβ and Fcε{lunate}RIα. Method: Syk, Fcε{lunate}RIα, and FcRβ expression was monitored during the treatment of subjects with omalizumab. Results: Treatment with omalizumab reduced histamine release from peripheral blood leukocytes stimulated with cat allergen in vitro, but histamine release stimulated with anti-IgE antibody increased 2-fold. Expression of Syk increased 1.86-fold. There was no change in the expression of c-Cbl, a signaling element that is sensitive to the presence of IL-3, and no increase in response to formyl-met-leu-phe (tripeptide), a response that also increases in the presence of IL-3. There was a 60% decrease in the FcRβ/Fcε{lunate}RIα ratio in patients treated with omalizumab. Conclusions: In the context of previous studies, these studies provide support for a proposal that Syk expression is modulated in vivo through an IgE-dependent mechanism and that the ratio of Fcε{lunate}RI α and β subunits in basophils is influenced by factors extrinsic to the cell.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)902-908.e7
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume125
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Omalizumab
  • anti-IgE
  • basophils
  • signal transduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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