Regulation of renal 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid in diabetes by angiotensin AT1 and AT2 receptors

Emaad M. Abdel-Rahman, Peter M. Abadir, Helmy M. Siragy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Diabetes is associated with increased production of 12(S)- hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid [12(S)-HETE]. The mechanisms involved in this process remain unclear. We hypothesized that hyperglycemia and angiotensin II (ANG II) regulate renal 12(S)-HETE production via a balance between angiotensin AT1 and AT2 receptors activities. Using a microdialysis technique, renal interstitial fluid (RIF) levels of ANG II and 12(S)-HETE were monitored in normal control and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats at baseline and then weekly thereafter for 12 wk. In a second group of normal and diabetic rats, 3 wk after development of diabetes, we monitored RIF 12(S)-HETE levels in response to acute AT1 receptor blockade with valsartan or AT 2 receptor blockade with PD123319 individually or combined. Two weeks after induction of diabetes there was a 404% increase in ANG II (P < 0.05), a 149% increase in 12S-HETE (P < 0.05), and a 649% increase in urinary albumin excretion (P < 0.05). These levels remained elevated throughout the study. PD123319 given alone had no effect on 12(S)-HETE. Valsartan decreased 12(S)-HETE by 61.6% (P < 0.0001), a response that was abrogated when PD123319 was given with valsartan. These data demonstrate that hyperglycemia increases renal ANG II and 12(S)-HETE levels. The increase in 12(S)-HETE is mediated via AT1 receptor. The attenuation of the effects of AT1 receptor blockade by PD123319 suggests that AT2 receptor contributes to the downregulation of renal 12(S)-HETE production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1473-R1478
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume295
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Kidneys
  • Urinary albumin excretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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