LPS-stimulated macrophages produce cytokines which, at appropriate levels, direct successful immune responses against harmful pathogens. However, excessive cytokine production, as seen in endotoxemia, results in pathophysiological damage to the host. Therefore, understanding mechanisms of cytokine regulation may aid the development of strategies designed to control cytokine production during an ongoing immune response. We have examined the role of okadaic acid-sensitive phosphatases in the production of cytokines and nitric oxide by macrophages. Okadaic acid induces TNFα, IL-1β, IL-6, IFN-β, and IP-10, but not IL-10 or IL-12 (p40) mRNA. Okadaic acid differentially regulates the expression of LPS-inducible IL-10 and IL-12 (p40) mRNA. These findings suggest that okadaic acid-sensitive phosphatases are key regulators of cytokine production in unstimulated and immune-activated macrophages. Finally, okadaic acid inhibits iNOS mRNA and nitric oxide production by macrophages activated by LPS and IFN-γ.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Endotoxin Research|
|State||Published - 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas