Regulation of ciliary beat frequency by the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine monophosphate signaling pathway in rat airway epithelial cells

Dechun Li, Gotaro Shirakami, Xinhua Zhan, Roger A. Johns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) upregulates ciliary beat frequency (CBF). The present study evaluates mechanisms of the NO-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway regulation of CBF. Rat tracheal explants were loaded with 4,5-diaminofluorescein diacetate for the demonstration of NO production by ciliated epithelial cells after L-arginine (L-Arg) stimulation. CBF was measured using phase contrast microscopy and videotape analysis. The roles of NO, soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PK) G, and phosphodiesterase (PDE) V in regulation of CBF were evaluated. NO synthase (NOS) was activated with L-Arg or inhibited with N(G)-monomethyl-L-Arg. sGC was stimulated with NO donors 1-hydroxy-2-oxo-3-(N-ethyl-2-aminoethyl)-3-ethyl-1-triazene and S-nitroso-L-glutathione or mimicked by 8-bromo-guanosine 3', 5'-cyclic monophosphate (8-Br-cGMP) and inhibited with 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazole[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one. The effects of the PKG inhibition with KT5823 and PDE V inhibition with Zaprinast were also examined. The studies demonstrate that ciliated epithelial cells produce NO, which is correlated with CBF stimulation. L-Arg dose- and time-dependently increases CBF, and NO donors, 8-Br-cGMP, and Zaprinast also enhance CBF. Inhibitors of NOS, sGC, and PKG can block the stimulant effect of L-Arg on CBF. Thus, NO is a regulator of CBF acting via sGC and PKG. The NO-cGMP signaling pathway regulates CBF in an autocrine manner in cultured rat ciliated airway epithelium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-181
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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