Traditional space-invariant regularization methods in tomographic image reconstruction using penalized-likelihood estimators produce images with nonuniform spatial resolution properties. The local point spread functions that quantify the smoothing properties of such estimators are space-variant, asymmetric, and object-dependent even for space-invariant imaging systems. We propose a new quadratic regularization scheme for tomographic imaging systems that yields increased spatial uniformity and is motivated by the least-squares fitting of a parameterized local impulse response to a desired global response. We have developed computationally efficient methods for PET systems with shift-invariant geometric responses. We demonstrate the increased spatial uniformity of this new method versus conventional quadratic regularization schemes in simulated PET thorax scans.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering