Regional organ procurement (ROP) trays in renal allograft distribution and outcome

J. M. MacQueen, F. P. Sanfilippo, L. Thacker, F. E. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

ROP trays containing patient serum samples and distributed by the South-Eastern Organ Procurement Foundation (SEOPF) were instituted to increase the likelihood of transplanting potential renal recipients who are highly sensitized to HLA antigens. This study examines kidney distribution and transplant outcome to assess equitable placement and clinical function post transplant with and without the use of ROP trays. Data were collected over a 26-month period on the distribution of kidneys from 328 consecutive SEOPF donors from whom at least 1 kidney was procured. Shared kidneys were placed via the UNOS and SEOPF-variance computer match programs. Of 656 kidneys, 595 were placed into 582 recipients; 60 were not used. ROP trays were used in placement of 492 kidneys and were not used for placement of 104 kidneys. Outcome was determined for 435 kidneys transplanted into SEOPF recipients. Only 33 (6.9%) recipients with ROP tray use and 10 (9.8%) without were sensitized to HLA. A 10% increase in placement to the originally intended recipient was seen with ROP tray usage over kidneys placed without ROP tray use (p ≤ 0.025). Recipients matched using ROP tray data averaged 29 positions higher on the match printout. There was no difference in tray use regarding placement of kidneys within or outside the donor's local UNOS region, nor was there a difference in mean HLA match of transplant pairs with and without ROP tray use, 3.2 and 3.1 antigens, respectively. Cold ischemia time was similar, 22.9 and 23.6 h, respectively, for kidneys placed with and without ROP trays. At post-transplant discharge, there were no differences in patient status, graft failure, rejection treatment, dialysis need, or urine output whether or not ROP trays were used. Significantly, however, plasma creatinine at discharge and at 12 months was lower for those placed with ROP trays (2.5 mg/dl and 1.7 mg/dl) vs (3.1 mg/dl and 1.9 mg/dl), respectively. During this time period, all kidneys transplanted with use of ROP trays functioned as well or better than those transplanted without ROP tray placement. Thus, the use of ROP trays appeared to have a beneficial effect in getting more recipients of higher priority transplanted with equivalent, if not better, graft function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)488-492
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume11
Issue number5 II
StatePublished - Oct 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allograft
  • Crossmatch
  • HLA
  • Sensitization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Immunology

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