Background: Distortion of the left ventricular (LV) cavity in patients with right ventricular pressure overload (RVPO) is well known. However, no direct measurements of regional myocardial function in terms of myocardial shortening and wall thickening are available; therefore, exactly how RVPO disturbs LV regional performance remains unclear. By using three-dimensional (3D) tagged magnetic resonance imaging, we were able to measure regional systolic function directly. Our objective was to study the relation between the distortion of the LV circular shape and regional LV function. Methods and Results: In nine patients with RVPO and six healthy volunteers, four parallel short-axis images (with 12 radial tags) and two mutually orthogonal long- axis images (with four parallel tags) were generated, and endocardial and epicardial borders were manually traced. By integration of the short- and long-axis images, 3D reconstruction of the LV tracking points from end diastole to end systole was obtained. Data from the midventricular two short- axis image slices were analyzed. These were then divided into anterior, lateral, posterior, and septal regions. Circumferential and longitudinal shortening were then calculated from the endocardial and epicardial tag intersection points. Wall thickness and thickening were calculated by the 3D volume-element approach. An eccentricity index (EI), the ratio of septum-to- free-wall to anteroposterior diameters, was used to describe the shape of the LV cavity. The regional curvature was also measured. The RVPO group was characterized by flattening of the septum and LV lateral wall, decreased EI reflecting the distorted LV shape, altered distribution of endocardial circumferential shortening, and preserved ejection fraction. Changes in EI closely correlated with the septal curvature. The EI was smaller at end systole, reflecting further shape distortion relative to end diastole. Reduced myocardial performance, as measured by wall thickening and circumferential and longitudinal shortening fractions, was observed for the septum. A reduction in endocardial circumferential shortening of the septal and lateral walls was directly related to the end-systolic EI. In addition, whereas for healthy subjects a linear relation between area ejection fraction and endocardial circumferential shortening was observed, in RVPO patients a curvilinear (quadratic) relation was observed. Conclusions: In patients with RVPO, compared with healthy subjects, the septal function was reduced, as evidenced by reduced thickening and shortening fractions. The distortion in LV cavity at end systole due to the flattening of the septum contributes to preserved systolic ventricular function and nonuniform distribution in endocardial circumferential shortening.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - 1995|
- magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine