Regional left ventricular myocardial dysfunction as a predictor of incident cardiovascular events: MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis)

Raymond T. Yan, David Bluemke, Antoinette Gomes, Gregory Burke, Steve Shea, Kiang Liu, Hossein Bahrami, Shantanu Sinha, Colin Wu, Veronica Fernandes, Robyn McClelland, Joo A.C. Lima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: We sought to examine the prognostic value of subclinical left ventricular (LV) regional myocardial dysfunction (RMD) measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) among asymptomatic individuals. Background: LV RMD, defined as segmental impairment in systolic wall thickening, predicts adverse events in patients with established cardiovascular disease. MRI is highly accurate for detecting subtle RMD, of which the prognostic significance in a large multiethnic asymptomatic population is not known. Methods: We used MRI to evaluate baseline regional LV myocardial function and prospectively followed a multiethnic (African American, Caucasian, Chinese, and Hispanic) population-based sample of 4,510 men and women without cardiovascular disease for a mean of 4.6 years. Regional myocardial dysfunction was defined as the presence of impaired systolic wall thickening (<10th percentile of segment-specific population distribution) in <2 contiguous LV segments within any given coronary artery territory. Results: Baseline prevalence of RMD was 25.6%. Heart failure developed in 34 (1.0%) and 30 (2.6%) participants without and with RMD, respectively (p < 0.001). After adjustment for demographics and traditional risk factors, RMD remained independently associated with incident heart failure (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.56 to 4.39; p < 0.001). The relationship persisted after further adjustment for biomarkers of reported association with cardiovascular disease and indexes of global LV systolic dysfunction and hypertrophy (HR: 1.80; 95% CI: 1.02 to 3.20; p = 0.044). Similarly, RMD independently conferred an increased risk for hard coronary events (myocardial infarction or death from coronary heart disease; HR: 1.75; 95% CI: 1.06 to 2.89; p = 0.029), the composite of hard coronary events and stroke (HR: 1.72; 95% CI: 1.16 to 2.56; p = 0.005), and all atherosclerotic cardiovascular events (HR: 1.50; 95% CI: 1.09 to 2.07; p = 0.012). Conclusions: Among an asymptomatic multiethnic American cohort, RMD is an independent predictor beyond traditional risk factors and global LV assessment for incident heart failure and atherosclerotic cardiovascular events. The clinical utility of early recognition of this subclinical phenotype deserves further investigation. (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis [MESA]; NCT00005487)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1735-1744
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume57
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2011

Keywords

  • epidemiology
  • heart failure
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • myocardial dysfunction
  • prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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