Refractive surgery in systemic and autoimmune disease

Majed Alkharashi, Kraig S. Bower, Walter J. Stark, Yassine J. Daoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Patients with underlying systemic disease represent challenging treatment dilemma to the refractive surgeon. The refractive error in this patient population is accompanied by a systemic disease that may have an ocular or even a corneal component. The literature is rather sparse about the use of laser refractive surgery (LRS) and such procedure is not approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in this patient population. Patients with collagen vascular disease, diabetes mellitus (DM), allergic and atopic disease, or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are never ideal for LRS. Patients with uncontrolled systemic disease or ocular involvement of the disease should not undergo LRS. However, a patient with well-controlled and mild disease, no ocular involvement, and not on multidrug regimen may be a suitable candidate if they meet stringent criteria. There is a need for a large, multicenter, controlled trial to address the safety and efficacy of LRS in patients with systemic disease before such technology can be widely adopted by the refractive surgery community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-24
Number of pages7
JournalMiddle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Allergic and Atopic Disease
  • Collagen Vascular Disease
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • HIV
  • Keloid
  • Laser Refractive Surgery
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Refractive surgery in systemic and autoimmune disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this