Rationale and objectives: Left Atrial (LA) adverse remodeling is an important predictor of morbidity and mortality in several cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Our goals were to quantify and provide reference ranges for LA structure and function using feature tracking cine cardiac magnetic resonance. Materials and methods: 2526 participants of the Multiethnic Study of Atherosclerosis study who had feature tracking cine cardiac magnetic resonance derived LA data and were free of atrial fibrillation/flutter and prior CV events at year five follow-up examination (2010–2012) were included in this study. LA phasic indexed volumes: maximum (LAVi max), minimum (LAVi min), and preatrial contraction (LAVi preA); LA empty fractions: total, passive, and active (LAtEF, LApEF, and LAaEF); LA longitudinal strain: maximum and preatrial contraction (S max and S preA); and LA longitudinal strain rate: systolic (SR max) and early/late diastolic (SR e and SR a) were measured. Age, gender, and race/ethnicity-specific reference ranges were identified. Also, reference values in a select subgroup of healthy participants free of traditional CV risk factors at the time of exam date were reported. Results: The mean ± SD for LAVi max, LAVi min, LAVi preA, S max, SR e, and SR a were in the 45–65-year-old participants: (33.8 ± 10 mL/m2), (14.5 ± 6.4 mL/m2), (24.8 ± 8.2 mL/m2), (34.6 ± 13.8 %), (−1.4 ± 0.7 s−1), (−2.1 ± 1 s−1) and in the ≥ 65-year-old participants: (35 ± 11.5 mL/m2), (16.6 ± 8.3 mL/m2), (27.6 ± 9.9 mL/m2), (31.2 ± 14.3 %), (−1 ± 0.6 s−1), (−2.1 ± 1 s−1) respectively. Younger individuals had Powered by Editorial Manager and ProduXion Manager from Aries Systems Corporation smaller LA volumes and better LA function compared to their older counterparts. Similar findings were observed in Chinese-Americans as compared to Whites. Conclusion: This study provides reference values of LA structure and function parameters from a healthy multiethnic community-based population aged 53–94 years evaluated by FTMRI.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging