Reduction of cytochrome-c oxidase copper precedes failing cerebral O2 utilization in fluorocarbon-perfused cats

R. Stingele, B. Wagner, M. V. Kameneva, M. A. Williams, D. A. Wilson, N. V. Thakor, R. J. Traystman, D. F. Hanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We determined the relationship of the low-potential copper (Cu(A)) redox state of cytochrome-c oxidase to the brain tissue PO2 (Pti(O2)) and global cerebral O2 consumption (CMR(O2)) in vivo. The redox state of cytochrome-c oxidase copper was monitored in perfluorocarbon-exchanged cats under normoxic and graded hypoxic conditions with use of near-infrared spectroscopy. Continuous spectra ranging from 730 to 960 nm were acquired, and the change in copper redox state was assessed by the absorption changes at 830 nm. Pti(O2) was measured with O2-sensitive electrodes implanted into the cortex, and CMR(O2) was determined by sampling arterial and superior sagittal sinus perfusate and by measuring blood flow with radiolabeled microspheres. As Pti(O2) decreased with hypoxia, the CU(A) of cytochrome-c oxidase became progressively reduced, whereas the CMR(O2) was unchanged during the initial stages of hypoxia. Only with severe hypoxia, did CMR(O2) and the amplitude of somatosensory evoked potentials decrease. We conclude that the Cu(A) site of cytochrome-c oxidase is involved in a regulatory adjustment that helps maintain CMR(O2) constant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H579-H587
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number2 40-2
StatePublished - Aug 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • hypoxia
  • near-infrared spectroscopy
  • perfluorocarbons
  • viscosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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