Reducing the risk of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea following translabyrinthine surgery of the posterior fossa

Matthew W. Cooper, Bryan K. Ward, Jeffery Sharon, Howard W. Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To describe the procedure and results of an adapted closure and reconstruction technique for translabyrinthine surgery that focuses on identifying and managing potential pathways for CSF egress to the middle ear and Eustachian tube. Methods: Retrospective review of a cohort of translabyrinthine acoustic neuroma cases that were reconstructed using this technique. Results: In addition to meticulous packing of potential conduits using soft tissue, hydroxyapatite cement is used to seal opened air cell tracts prior to obliteration of the mastoid defect using adipose tissue. Early results of a small patient cohort using this technique are encouraging and there were no wound infections. There was a single case of CSF rhinorrhea associated with incomplete sealing of opened petrous apex cells, with no recurrence after appropriate implementation of the described protocol during revision surgery. Conclusion: Proactive management of potential conduits of CSF egress including opened air cell tracts has a high likelihood of reducing rates of rhinorrhea and need for revision surgery after the translabyrinthine approach to the posterior fossa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)82-87
Number of pages6
JournalNew Insights in Otology and Neurotology
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Air cell tract
  • Cerebrospinal fluid leak
  • Eustachian tube
  • Hydroxyapatite cement
  • Petrous apex
  • Rhinorrhea
  • Translabyrinthine approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery

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