Reducing the agonist activity of antiandrogens by a dominant-negative androgen receptor coregulator ARA70 in prostate cancer cells

Mujib M. Rahman, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Hiroshi Takatera, Shuyuan Yeh, Saleh Altuwaijri, Chawnshang Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although the progression of prostate cancer initially is dependent on androgens, tumor progression to an androgen-independent growth eventually occurs in most of patients treated with androgen ablation and/or antiandrogen therapy. After the initial response, antiandrogens lose their efficacy and eventually act as agonists to promote androgen receptor (AR)-mediated growth of prostate cancer cells. An aberrant regulation of AR activity, presumably by AR coregulators, may contribute to this acquired agonist activity of antiandrogens. Using an in vitro mutagenesis and a double-negative selection in yeast two-hybrid screening, we have identified a dominant-negative AR coregulator ARA70 (dARA70N), which can inhibit AR transcriptional activity by inactivating the normal function of ARA70 in the LNCaP cells. Whereas ARA70 in oligomeric form interacts with AR and enhances its transcriptional activity, dARA70N lacks AR interaction and might retain the ability to form a non-functional heteromer with ARA70 and interrupt AR transcriptional activity without a change in AR protein itself. The addition of dARA70N reduces the agonist activity and rescues the normal function of antiandrogens in prostate cancer cells. RNA-interference-mediated silencing of ARA70 gene further confirms these observations. Taken together, these findings indicate that ARA70 may contribute to the acquired agonist activity of antiandrogens and plays an important role in making prostate cancer cells resistant to androgen ablation and/or antiandrogen therapy. ARA70 may, thus, be a critical target for developing therapeutic agents against AR-mediated progression of prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19619-19626
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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