Reducing Stroke Risk Among Young Adult African Americans: A Feasibility Study

Dawn M. Aycock, Patricia C. Clark, Matthew J. Hayat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

African Americans are disproportionately affected by stroke and its modifiable risk factors, and strategies are needed to help African Americans adopt healthy lifestyles early in life. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of the Stroke Counseling for Risk Reduction (SCORRE) intervention, a tailored, theory-based intervention consisting of a motivational video of young African American stroke survivors, the American Heart Association's Life's Simple 7® (LS7) risk assessment and education tool, and a 6-week behavioral risk reduction diary. Feasibility and changes in theoretical variables were evaluated over 6 weeks. In four months, 30 participants were enrolled and randomized and 29 (97%) completed the study. Participants averaged 23 years old, most were female university students, and they had an average of 2.1 out of 7 risk factors for stroke. Only 7% had missing items on questionnaires, and 17% had missing daily diary entries. Although statistical significance of differences was not assessed, both intervention and control groups had improvements in knowledge scores following the initial session, and larger improvements in accuracy of perceived stroke risk and in health behaviors (physical activity and diet quality) were observed among participants receiving SCORRE. An exit survey indicated the majority of participants receiving SCORRE were motivated to achieve better health; enjoyed the video, LS7 and diary; and felt the program length was appropriate. Results suggest that SCORRE is feasible and acceptable, and with additional refinement and further testing has potential for reducing stroke risk among African Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Life's Simple 7
  • Risk perception
  • Stroke prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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