Reducing hiv and partner violence risk among women with criminal justice system involvement: a randomized controlled trial of two motivational interviewing-based interventions

Brian Weir, Kerth O'Brien, Ronda S. Bard, Carol J. Casciato, Julie E. Maher, Clyde W. Dent, John A. Dougherty, Michael J. Stark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Women with histories of incarceration show high levels of risk for HIV and intimate partner violence (IPV). This randomized controlled trial with women at risk for HIV who had recent criminal justice system involvement (n = 530) evaluated two interventions based on Motivational Interviewing to reduce either HIV risk or HIV and IPV risk. Baseline and 3, 6, and 9-month follow-up assessments measured unprotected intercourse, needle sharing, and IPV. Generalized estimating equations revealed that the intervention groups had significant decreases in unprotected intercourse and needle sharing, and significantly greater reductions in the odds and incidence rates of unprotected intercourse compared to the control group. No significant differences were found in changes in IPV over time between the HIV and IPV group and the control group. Motivational Interviewing-based HIV prevention interventions delivered by county health department staff appear helpful in reducing HIV risk behavior for this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-522
Number of pages14
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

Fingerprint

Motivational Interviewing
Criminal Law
Violence
Randomized Controlled Trials
HIV
Needle Sharing
Control Groups
Risk-Taking
Intimate Partner Violence
Incidence
Health

Keywords

  • Criminal justice
  • HIV prevention
  • Incarceration
  • Intervention
  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Partner violence
  • Randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Reducing hiv and partner violence risk among women with criminal justice system involvement : a randomized controlled trial of two motivational interviewing-based interventions. / Weir, Brian; O'Brien, Kerth; Bard, Ronda S.; Casciato, Carol J.; Maher, Julie E.; Dent, Clyde W.; Dougherty, John A.; Stark, Michael J.

In: AIDS and Behavior, Vol. 13, No. 3, 06.2009, p. 509-522.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weir, Brian ; O'Brien, Kerth ; Bard, Ronda S. ; Casciato, Carol J. ; Maher, Julie E. ; Dent, Clyde W. ; Dougherty, John A. ; Stark, Michael J. / Reducing hiv and partner violence risk among women with criminal justice system involvement : a randomized controlled trial of two motivational interviewing-based interventions. In: AIDS and Behavior. 2009 ; Vol. 13, No. 3. pp. 509-522.
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