Reduced representation optical methylation mapping (R2OM2)

Assaf Grunwald, Hila Sharim, Tslil Gabrieli, Yael Michaeli, Dmitry Torchinsky, Matyas Juhasz, Kathryn R. Wagner, Jonathan Pevsner, Jeff Reifenberger, Alex R. Hastie, Han Cao, Elmar Weinhold, Yuval Ebenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reduced representation methylation profiling is a method of analysis in which a subset of CpGs is used to report the overall methylation status of the probed genomic regions. This approach has been widely adopted for genome-scale bisulfite sequencing since it requires fewer sequencing reads and uses significantly less starting material than whole-genome analysis. Consequently, this method is suitable for profiling medical samples and single cells at high throughput and reduced costs. Here, we use this concept in order to create a pattern of fluorescent optical methylation profiles along individual DNA molecules. Reduced representation optical methylation mapping (R2OM2) in combination with Bionano Genomics next generation genome mapping (NGM) technology provides a hybrid genetic/epigenetic genome map of individual chromosome segments spanning hundreds of kilobase pairs (kbp). These long reads, along with the single-molecule resolution, allow for epigenetic variation calling and methylation analysis of large structural aberrations such as pathogenic macrosatellite arrays not accessible to single-cell next generation sequencing (NGS). We apply this method to facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD) showing both structural variation and hypomethylation status of a disease-associated, highly repetitive locus on chromosome 4q.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Mar 6 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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