Reduced in vivo high-energy phosphates precede adriamycin-induced cardiac dysfunction

M. Y. Maslov, V. P. Chacko, G. A. Hirsch, A. Akki, M. K. Leppo, C. Steenbergen, R. G. Weiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adriamycin (ADR) is an established, life-saving antineoplastic agent, the use of which is often limited by cardiotoxicity. ADR-induced cardiomyopathy is often accompanied by depressed myocardial high-energy phosphate (HEP) metabolism. Impaired HEP metabolism has been suggested as a potential mechanism of ADR cardiomyopathy, in which case the bioenergetic decline should precede left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. We tested the hypothesis that murine cardiac energetics decrease before LV dysfunction following ADR (5 mg/kg ip, weekly, 5 injections) in the mouse. As a result, the mean myocardial phosphocreatine-to- ATP ratio (PCr/ATP) by spatially localized 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy decreased at 6 wk after first ADR injection (1.79 ± 0.18 vs. 1.39 ± 0.30, means ± SD, control vs. ADR, respectively, P < 0.05) when indices of systolic and diastolic function by magnetic resonance imaging were unchanged from control values. At 8 wk, lower PCr/ATP was accompanied by a reduction in ejection fraction (67.3 ± 3.9 vs. 55.9 ± 4.2%, control vs. ADR, respectively, P < 0.002) and peak filling rate (0.56 ± 0.12 vs. 0.30 ± 0.13 μl/ms, control vs. ADR, respectively, P < 0.01). PCr/ATP correlated with peak filling rate and ejection fraction, suggesting a relationship between cardiac energetics and both LV systolic and diastolic dysfunction. In conclusion, myocardial in vivo HEP metabolism is impaired following ADR administration, occurring before systolic or diastolic abnormalities and in proportion to the extent of eventual contractile abnormalities. These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that impaired HEP metabolism contributes to ADR-induced myocardial dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H332-H337
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume299
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • P spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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