Recruitment of work sites to a health promotion research trial implications for generalizability

Lois Biener, Judith D. DePue, Karen M. Emmons, Laura Linnan, David Brian Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The characteristics of companies that either accepted or declined participation in a 5-year randomized trial of a multirisk factor health promotion intervention were compared to investigate potential limitations on the generalizability of research findings. A representative sample of 151 manufacturing work sites in the northeast was recruited to participate. Sixty-four of the companies were determined to be eligible and 10 others, which refused to have an administrator interviewed, were presumed to be eligible. Of this group, 27 companies agreed to participate. Workforce demographics, shift structure, and prior history of health promotion offerings were not significantly different in the two groups. However, participating companies employed fewer workers and had a more favorable financial outlook than did companies that declined to participate. Implications of these findings for research on work site health promotion are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)631-636
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Occupational Medicine
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Biener, L., DePue, J. D., Emmons, K. M., Linnan, L., & Abrams, D. B. (1994). Recruitment of work sites to a health promotion research trial implications for generalizability. Journal of Occupational Medicine, 36(6), 631-636.