Recruitment of underserved women for breast cancer detection programs

James Zabora, Candis Morrison, Sharon J. Olsen, Barbara Ashley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: The purpose of this correlational, nonexperimental study was to survey a sample of uninsured/underinsured women entering a no-cost, state- funded breast cancer screening program to identify factors that might enhance existing recruitment strategies and adherence to breast cancer screening. OVERVIEW: Inadequate access to breast cancer screening contributes to the high morbidity and mortality that have been documented in low-income American women with breast cancer. Two hundred and four participants in a no-cost cancer screening program at the Johns Hopkins Oncology Center's East Baltimore Community Health Program in Maryland were surveyed by telephone to identify methods to enhance recruitment strategies. The survey solicited information in areas such as demographics, healthcare practices, and recruitment sources. Knowledge about breast cancer and its treatment, perceived control over health matters, and the practice of preventive measures were low in this group. Based on the data obtained, recruitment strategies better tailored to this population were developed and implemented. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Recruiters and clinicians must understand that for impoverished women, day-to-day survival takes precedence over most other issues. The possibility of a condition that may cause illness or death 10 to 20 years from now is of less importance than obtaining food, clothing, and shelter today. This program demonstrates that services such as transportation and child care are important elements of care for this population. Culturally sensitive recruitment strategies, personalized care, and vigilant follow-up are important requisites to breast cancer screening programs. A multidisciplinary team effort is critical in bringing together the elements required for a successful screening program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-303
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Practice
Volume5
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1997

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Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Breast cancer screening
  • Health behaviors
  • Recruitment
  • Socioeconomically disadvantaged

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Zabora, J., Morrison, C., Olsen, S. J., & Ashley, B. (1997). Recruitment of underserved women for breast cancer detection programs. Cancer Practice, 5(5), 297-303.